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Florida Overtime Law

Florida Overtime Law: An In-depth Overview on Florida State Overtime Laws

Employers must know Florida overtime law to ensure they meet the legal requirements and create a fair and responsible work environment. Understanding and adhering to Florida’s overtime regulations is crucial for employers, as non-compliance can lead to significant legal ramifications, including costly lawsuits and penalties.

Here is a guide on Florida overtime law for employers to help them ensure legal compliance and make overtime laws a strategic component of effective business management.

Employers must follow the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) in Florida, as no state overtime laws exist. Under the FLSA, non-exempt employees are entitled to overtime pay for hours worked beyond the standard 40-hour workweek.

Under the FLSA, most hourly workers (full-time and part-time employees) are non-exempt. These employees qualify for overtime pay at 1.5 times their regular pay rate for each hour worked over 40 in a workweek.

This includes both salaried and hourly employees. Salaried employees’ eligibility depends on their job duties and salary level. For instance, managers and administrators are exempt employees.

Their job role, responsibilities, and salaries are evaluated to determine if an employee is exempt. Roles that involve executive, administrative, or professional duties often qualify for exemption. Also, non-exempt people should earn under $684 a week or $35,568 a year. Employees making less than this amount are generally non-exempt, regardless of their job duties.

What rights does an employer hold if an employee refuses to work Overtime?

Florida labor laws on Overtime give employers the right to terminate an employee’s contract if they refuse to work Overtime. The employer in the state generally has the right to enforce their work schedule, which can include mandatory Overtime.

There is no protection for employees who refuse overtime work. Therefore, employers can require Overtime as part of the job, provided they compensate the employee appropriately according to overtime laws.

Rules of Overtime in Florida

The rules of Florida state overtime laws generally follow the guidelines established by the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Your company policies must adhere to Florida’s minimum wage rates and overtime regulations. The Florida Department of Economic Opportunity also provides guidelines, so employers must check it for the latest information.

(A) Overtime pay for tipped employees in Florida

In Florida, a tipped employee is the one who frequently receives tips of $30 and above every month. All tipped employees in Florida are subject to the state’s minimum wage laws; the state minimum wage in Florida is $12 per hour, but employers can pay tipped employees lower than minimum wage and up to $8.98 per hour. 

Employers can take a tip credit against the minimum wage for tipped employees. In simple words, the tip credit is the difference between the minimum wage of the tipped employee and the direct cash wage paid to the tipped employee. The immediate cash wage, or the “tipped minimum wage,” is typically lower than the standard minimum wage.

According to the law, “The FLSA permits an employer to take a tip credit toward its minimum wage and overtime obligation(s) for tipped employees per Section 3(m)(2)(A). An employer that claims a tip credit must ensure that the employee receives enough tips from customers and direct (or cash) wages per workweek to equal at least the minimum wage and overtime compensation required under the FLSA.”

Overtime calculation for tipped employees

Tipped employees are entitled to overtime pay when they work more than 40 hours in a workweek. Overtime should be calculated based on the regular pay rate, including the direct cash wage and the tips received.

Let’s assume that a tipped employee works 50 hours a week and earns minimum wage + tips. Their regular gross Pay will be calculated as follows: 

Regular gross pay = Tipped Wage x Hours Worked

In Florida, the tipped minimum wage is $7.98. 

Regular gross pay= $7.98 x 50 = $399

Overtime Pay = Tipped Overtime Wage X Overtime Hours Worked

$13.48 x 10 = $134.80

Total gross pay = regular tipped pay + overtime tipped pay

$399 + $134.80 = $533.80 + tips

If the employee was making less than the minimum wage after tips, employers have to pay them the difference.

(B) Overtime for salaried employees in Florida:

Florida labor laws for Overtime for salaried employees depend on whether the employee is exempt or non-exempt. 

Exempt employees are typically not entitled to overtime pay. It includes employees who work as executive, administrative, or professional employees and earn a salary that meets the minimum threshold of $684 per week set by federal law.

All other employees, part-time or full-time, are categorized as non-exempt salaried employees. They are entitled to overtime pay at 1.5 times their regular hourly rate for hours over 40 in a workweek.

Calculating overtime pay for non-exempt salaried employees is simple. First, you need to determine their regular hourly rate using this formula: 

Hourly work rate = Weekly salary / the number of hours worked in a week.

The Overtime should then be paid at 1.5 times this regular hourly rate for hours worked over 40 in a workweek.

Overtime exceptions and exemptions in Florida

Employers in Florida should understand the nuances of overtime exceptions and exemptions. Complying with the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) is essential. Here are the exemptions and exceptions based on the type of employment, job duties, and compensation you should keep in mind to comply with Florida law on overtime pay. 

Employees engaged in specific agricultural activities are exempt from federal overtime provisions. This includes individuals employed in farming, livestock production, and related agricultural activities. 

Individuals employed by certain seasonal and recreational establishments are exempt if such an employer operates up to seven months a year. 

Executive, administrative, and professional exemptions include people whose primary duty is managing a business or a recognized department. It includes employees who regularly supervise two or more full-time employees and have the authority to hire and fire.

The profession exemption includes employees whose primary duty is performing work requiring advanced knowledge in a field of science or learning, usually obtained through a prolonged course of specialized intellectual instruction.

Outside sales employees are also exempt from overtime pay. Additionally, highly compensated employees make $107 432 annually or $684 weekly. 

How much are Florida employees paid for Overtime?

Florida’s overtime rate for all non-exempt employees is one and a half times the regular wage rate. Therefore, how much a Florida employee is paid for Overtime depends on their standard wage rate, which is different for employees. 

The federal FLSA mandates that all employees should be paid 1.5 times their regular hourly rate for each hour worked beyond 40 hours in a workweek. For example, if you pay an employee a standard hourly rate of $10 per hour, they would be entitled to overtime pay of $15 per hour for any hours worked more than 40 hours in a single workweek.

However, an exception is made for non-exempt employees who have irregular work weeks. The Fluctuating Workweek Method (FWW), also known as the “half-time” method, calculates Overtime for such employees.

This method is allowed under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) and can be used when specific conditions are met, such as weekly work hours. Under FWW, employees are paid Overtime at one-half (0.5) times the regular hourly rate, as opposed to the standard time-and-a-half (1.5) rate used for most overtime calculations.

Let’s understand this with an example. 

Suppose you pay a non-exempt employee a fixed salary of $600 weekly. Due to the nature of your business operations, their work hours fluctuate weekly. The employee worked 45 hours in one week and 50 hours the next week. 

Here’s how we will calculate the employee’s total compensation for each week using the FWW method:

First, we will find the regular hourly rate for each week as follows: 

Regular Hourly Rate = Weekly Salary / Total Hours Worked

For Week 1: 

Regular Hourly Rate = $600 / 45 hours = $13.33 per hour

For week 2:

Regular Hourly Rate = $600 / 50 hours = $12.00 per hour

Overtime pay rate:

Overtime pay rate = (Regular Hourly Rate x 0.5) x Overtime Hours

Overtime pay rate for week 1 = ($13.33 x 0.5) x 5 hours = $33.33

Overtime pay rate for week 2= ($12.00 x 0.5) x 10 hours = $60.00

Total Weekly Compensation = Weekly Salary + Overtime Premium

Total weekly compensation for week 1 = $600 + $33.33 = $633.33

Total weekly compensation for week 2= $600 + $60.00 = $660.00

Please note that the FWW method is subject to specific legal requirements and conditions; not all salaried employees in Florida are eligible to use it. Employers should ensure they comply with all applicable labor laws and use the proper overtime calculation method for their employees.

What are the Florida Labor Laws regarding mandatory Overtime?

Florida labor laws regarding mandatory Overtime are consistent with federal labor laws outlined in the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Employers in Florida can mandate employees to work Overtime as long as they are appropriately compensated. This means employers can schedule overtime work, and employees may be obligated to work those hours.

However, employers cannot mandate exempt employees to work overtime as they do not fall under the Florida state overtime laws. It commonly includes certain salaried professionals, executive, administrative, professional employees, and agricultural and seasonal workers.

For the mandated Overtime, the Pay should be paid at a rate of 1.5 times the regular hourly rate for each hour worked beyond 40 hours in a workweek.

Also, employers must provide employees with meal breaks and rest periods, but they do not specifically regulate Overtime. Meal and rest break requirements may vary depending on the employee’s age and the specific industry.

Are employers required to notify their employees about overtime work in advance?

No Florida overtime law requires employees to notify employees in advance about overtime work. In the absence of any specific state law that mandates advance notice for overtime work, in Florida, employers have complete discretion to decide whether to make employees work overtime or not. While it is not a legal requirement, it is a good practice for employers to provide reasonable notice to employees when possible. 

Employers must pay attention to collective bargaining agreements. Usually, if there is a collective bargaining agreement, the agreement may specify specific rules or notice requirements related to Overtime. If it exists, employers and employees are bound by the terms negotiated in the contract and must adhere to them. 

It is in the benefit of employers to have company policies or practices regarding Overtime and advance notice. Employees should review their employment contracts, company handbooks, or guidelines to understand any specific requirements or expectations their employer sets.

How does Truein help with overtime management?

Truein is a robust time and attendance management system designed with the requirements of contractual and distributed employees in mind. It enables employers to manage overtime for full-time, contractual, and distributed workforces. 

Truein has AI-enabled algorithms and modern tech like GPS fencing to ensure accuracy over time. Automatically tracking overtime hours based on employee clock-ins and clock-outs minimizes human errors. Employers can easily tailor this automation to align with a company’s overtime policy. The overtime tracking automation frees up valuable HR time, allowing the team to focus on strategic initiatives rather than routine tracking tasks.

Another way Truein makes overtime management more efficient is by facilitating a multi-level approval process for overtime requests. This ensures that Overtime is authorized correctly and efficiently. Supervisors and managers can quickly approve or reject overtime requests using the Truein app, making the system transparent and accountable.

Furthermore, it provides real-time insights into attendance and overtime status for informed decision-making, enabling management to identify trends and areas for cost savings.

Irrespective of your industry or state, you can deploy Truein for workforce overtime management as it offers 70+ customizable policy templates. You can customize overtime rules to meet your company’s unique needs. This includes considerations for shift differentials and specific overtime thresholds. 

Whether it’s accommodating staff categories or site-specific rules, Truein adapts seamlessly to various policies. For better payroll, data from Truein can be integrated into payroll software, eliminating human errors and payroll discrepancies. HR can save a lot of time by calculating Overtime accurately. 

Whether you want to simplify the time off and absence management process or optimize workforce utilization with advanced reports and analytics on attendance, Overtime, and leaves, Truein can be instrumental in effective workforce management.

Learn more about Truein overtime tracking and management features

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Florida labor laws for overtime provide guidelines for employers to follow and give employees the right to earn more. This comprehensive guide on Florida overtime will help employers understand the intricacies of who qualifies for overtime, the specific exemptions and exceptions, employer rights concerning overtime, and the rules regarding overtime pay for different categories of employees, including tipped and salaried workers.

Compliance with Florida state overtime laws is not merely a legal requirement; it’s a commitment to fair labor practices and respect for the workforce. Adherence to these laws protects employers in the state from legal and financial repercussions, maintaining their reputation and operational stability.

Software solutions like Truein can play a pivotal role in overtime management. From automated tracking and multi-level approval processes to integration with payroll systems, Truein can help employers streamline overtime management processes, ensuring accuracy and compliance while optimizing workforce productivity.


1. Is mandatory Overtime legal in Florida?

Yes, mandatory Overtime is legal in Florida. Like in most U.S. states, employers in Florida have the authority to require employees to work overtime hours when necessary to meet business needs or operational requirements. However, it is essential that all FL overtime laws, as well as federal labor laws on Overtime, are followed. 

2. Who is exempt from overtime pay in Florida?

Florida labor laws on Overtime follow the federal guidelines on exempt and non-exempt employees. Therefore, exempt employees in Florida typically meet specific criteria outlined by the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) and applicable state laws.

Here are the common exempt employees from Florida state overtime laws: 

  • Executive employees
  • Administrative employees
  • Professional employees
  • Outside sales employees
  • Certain computer professionals
  • Certain agricultural workers
  • Some transportation workers
  • Highly compensated employees

However, employers must make final decisions after understanding how these exemptions are based on factors such as job duties, salary level, and industry. Exempt employees are not entitled to overtime pay.

3. Is Florida a daily overtime state?

No, Florida is not a daily overtime state. In Florida, employees are paid Overtime based on their weekly work hours rather than the overtime rule that entitles employees to overtime pay if they work more than a certain number of hours in a single day, in addition to the standard weekly threshold.

Florida, like most states, follows the federal standard, which requires overtime pay for hours worked over 40 in a workweek, not based on daily hours.

4. Can employees refuse Overtime in Florida?

In Florida, Overtime is mandatory; employers can ask employees to work Overtime. Employees cannot refuse to work Overtime if asked. However, employers generally can only sometimes force employees to work Overtime if they are willing to do so.

It is important to note that employers can terminate or penalize employees, such as the potential for reduced hours or negative impacts on job performance evaluations if they refuse to work Overtime in Florida. 

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